The company

Tailor-made service, Hanseatic commitment and profound knowledge of the industry – that’s what sets us apart! As a customer, you benefit from our decades of experience, our know-how and our claim to always make the individually optimal forwarding offer.

Here you get everything from a single source: From the first contact, you always talk to your personal contact person. He knows you, your company and your logistics needs inside out. Our qualified staff will be happy to advise you on the various transport solutions for global trade.

Our core competence is international sea transport. For cases in which things have to be done quickly, we are also happy to provide you with competent support in all matters relating to air freight. In order to get goods from the hinterland to ports and airports, we also offer solutions for general cargo, truck transport and multimodal transport. And if you want to outsource the complex customs procedures for your imports and exports, you can benefit from our customs-specific services.

Peter Harms Schiffahrts- u. Speditionsgesellschaft mbH was founded by the name giver in 1982. Since then we have grown steadily. We now have two locations, Bremen and Hamburg, and employ over twenty people. We are proud that many of our long-standing employees have already completed their training in our company!

We involve the trainees in all relevant work processes as early as possible. We train new employees thoroughly and comprehensively. In this way, we can ensure that our entire specialist staff has the highest level of competence and know-how. It is particularly important to us that all employees feel responsible for their respective work area and think outside the box.

We want to do more than a normal seaport forwarder. That is why our employees travel to the countries we serve. They also know their way around the major trade routes of the world. So they can give you all the information you need to run your trading smoothly.

Today, we are a medium-sized company with tradition and a future. Fast processes and smooth operations: We succeed in this, among other things, thanks to flat decision-making hierarchies. But good is never good enough for us – we work consistently on the further development and constant optimization of our workflows.

We keep asking ourselves what we can do even better. We would like to hear from you what you expect from us! Contact us without obligation and see our expertise and commitment for yourself.

Business areas

Sea freight

As a large shipping and forwarding company, we have a high transport volume. This enables us to pass on excellent freight rates to our customers.

Air freight

When things have to be done quickly, air freight is often the method of choice. We work with reliable customs and IATA agencies around the world. In this way, we ensure that your goods are transported quickly and on time.

General cargo / truck transport / multimodal transport​

It is often useful or even essential to combine different transport routes. Especially when containers have to be fetched from the hinterland …

Customs

Trade is becoming more and more global; international links play an important role in business. At the same time, however, the customs procedures required for imports and exports are complex. They require time and extensive knowledge. You are welcome to draw on our experience and know-how in the field of customs.

Transport of dangerous goods

Whether explosives, ammunition and fireworks, gases and gas mixtures or flammable and self-igniting substances and mixtures: Transporting dangerous goods requires extensive special knowledge! This starts with the acceptance of the goods, concerns the actual transport of the goods, load securing…

Further services

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a waiver?

As a private or business passenger, you are familiar with the green and white adhesive labels on your checked baggage. Your suitcase cannot be transported without this adhesive label, as it fulfills various tasks. For example, it shows where the piece of luggage was checked in and where it is to be transported. It also proves that compliance with regulations has been checked.

The waiver in shipping serves very similar purposes: it provides information about the type and value of the goods being transported, the sender, the transporting company, the transport route, the name of the transporting ship and the type of shipment (container or directly on the ship).

Own waiver for each country

A waiver is basically a way to increase efficiency and better control. For trading companies, however, waivers often pose a challenge, because “waiver” is basically a collective term for various country-specific certificates. This includes, for example, ECTN, BESC, BSC and CTN certificates. These different electronic cargo certificates all serve the same purpose: to be able to monitor and track shipments on their way and to better monitor imports.

Many African countries in particular require trading companies to provide details of their import shipments before the cargo can reach its destination. Almost every country on the African continent has its own waiver regulations and gives its country-specific waiver its own name. Familiarizing yourself with this subject is tedious and time-consuming. Without the right waiver, however, the goods will not reach their destination. That is why international traders who use ship transport cannot avoid the topic.

Don’t be afraid of the certificate jungle – we’ll guide you through it!

We at Peter Harms Schiffahrts- u Speditionsgesellschaft mbH know exactly which certificate you need for which country. We would be happy to support you in obtaining all the necessary papers in good time so that your export business runs smoothly. So you can be sure that your goods will reach their destination as quickly as possible.

What is AEO certification?

You are probably familiar with this phenomenon: If you know someone and you can rely on them with a clear conscience because everything has been handled reliably and on time and even people you trust have never reported anything else, then you are more likely to confide in this person than someone from theirs Integrity you have not yet been able to convince yourself to the same extent.

The AEO certification is the institutionalization of this principle. AEO stands for “Authorised Economic Operator” and means something like “authorized economic partner”. The certificate states that a company has acted in a particularly trustworthy and reliable manner in international trade in the past. It is awarded to companies based in the European Union.

The possibility of AEO certification in international trade has existed since 2008. AEO was introduced by the World Customs Authority under the SAFE conditions. “Safe” is not only the English word for “safe”, but also stands for the “Framework of Standards to Secure and Facilitate Global Trade” in international trade. These are international guidelines that ensure a framework for safe global trade. In a globalized world, SAFE creates the basis for modern and efficient world trade with low risks. In the customs administrations and forwarding companies, SAFE processes are simplified and accelerated.

Peter Harms is AEO certified

Peter Harms Schiffahrts- und Speditionsgesellschaft mbH has AEO certification as an “authorised economic operator” (as the customs authorities use it). This means that we are entitled to concessions and simplifications in customs matters, from which you as our customer can benefit.

Thanks to our AEO certification, we transport goods particularly safely and quickly internationally. The continuous supply chains are maintained and your goods reach the customer without delays.

If you too would like to benefit from our good reputation, our many years of experience in international trade, our know-how, our commitment and last but not least our AEO certification, please do not hesitate to contact us.

What size and type of container do I need?

The most common container size in shipping is the TEU. This abbreviation stands for “Twenty Foot Equivalent Unit”. The name refers to the external dimensions of the container: A TEU is 20 feet long.

The twenty-foot container is the standard for sea transport. TEU is often used as a unit to indicate loading capacity or handling values in ports. For example, a ship with a capacity of 1,000 TEU can accommodate 1,000 standard containers.

A TEU is a miracle of space: it can accommodate eleven Euro pallets or nine industrial pallets, 80 oil drums, each with a capacity of 275 liters or 36,904 beverage cans (not counting pallets).

The ideal container size for every shipment

For goods that do not fit in a TEU, there is a larger variant. A FEU container is twice as long as a TEU and just as wide and high as a TEU. FEU means “Fourty Foot Equivalent Unit”.

There is also a whole range of special sizes. Containers with different height dimensions are possible, for example – dimensions that can be transported on the road without restrictions are common here. For voluminous transport goods and in general on the American market, 45-foot containers are also becoming established. In Australia in particular, there is an increasing number of 48-foot containers.

Special requirements for the type of container

Refrigerated containers, also known as thermal containers or reefers, basically have the same external dimensions as “normal” shipping containers. The difference is on the inside: the volume is reduced due to the internal insulation and, if necessary, the cooling unit. There are two variants: refrigerated containers, which are refrigerated by the ship’s system, and refrigerated containers, which have their own integrated refrigeration unit.

Depending on the freight to be transported, there are other configurations and body types. Platform containers, for example, only consist of the floor construction and have no side walls. Dangerous goods such as oil, petrol or gas require an explosion-proof installation and a special interior design that prevents the load from rocking. There are containers with hinged sides, containers with doors at both ends, special containers for bulk goods and many more.

The ideal type of container does not only depend on the size of the freight, but also on the weight. It must be ensured that the carrying capacity of the container is not exceeded. A TEU, for example, has a maximum payload of 28,230 kg.

Different standard sizes are used for air freight transport than for transport by ship, since the containers used here are optimized for the hold of the aircraft.

If you are not sure which container type and size is best for your merchandise, our staff will be happy to advise you on the best choice.

What is SOLAS?

SOLAS stands for “International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea”. This is a UN convention on safety at sea, specifically “for the protection of human life at sea”, as the German version of the convention puts it.

The first version of SOLAS was created after the sinking of the Titanic in 1912. The basis for the international initiative was the realization that better safety precautions would have saved many people at the time. That is why an international conference created minimum standards for safety on ships that are intended to protect life.

The fifth version of SOLAS is now in force. It was adopted in 1974 and has since been amended and expanded by numerous supplementary protocols. This means that technical innovations are taken into account and knowledge gained from shipwrecks is included.

Major shipwrecks are often the reason for changes to SOLAS. Most recently, in January 2020, a supplementary protocol came into force that drew lessons from the Costa Concordia accident in 2012.

What is regulated by SOLAS?

SOLAS is a comprehensive agreement divided into 14 chapters. It deals with topics such as requirements for the safe construction of ships, fire protection on ships, life-saving devices, safe stowage of cargo, handling dangerous goods, regulations for improving maritime safety and many more.

Some passages apply to all boats and ships without exception, others are very specific, for example the regulations for nuclear ships.

What role does SOLAS play for us?

Of course, Peter Harms Schiffahrts- und Speditionsgesellschaft mbH fulfills all the requirements of the SOLAS Convention. It is important to us to be part of safe shipping in our work.

Demurrage and detention: meaning and differences

The terms demurrage and detention are technical terms from the export trade. Both cases are fees to be paid when there are delays in sea freight shipments. A distinction is made between delays in collection at the port on the one hand and delays in on-carriage on the other.

Detention refers to the fees for container rental that shipowners charge their customers after the container has left the terminal – if the free time has passed. If a container is unloaded from a ship, it must be back in the shipping company’s inventory within a specified period of time. The on-carriage time depends, among other things, on where container depots are located in the receiving country and what the infrastructure is like there.

If containers are still at the terminal after the free time has expired, a storage fee (also called “demurrage”) will be charged. This is demurrage. The container was therefore unloaded from a ship, but not picked up within the permitted period. These deadlines vary depending on the receiving country. Usually they are about three to five days. Thereafter, demurrage is due per container and day. Demurrage will also be charged if a container is delivered too early for export clearance.

What causes the surcharges?

Delays in the freight business are annoying for everyone involved, but cannot always be avoided, even with the best planning. For example, customs clearance in the receiving country can result in longer waiting times, even though all the formalities have been optimally prepared. The additional costs resulting from delays can therefore not be planned in advance.

The customs regulations vary from country to country as much as the free lay times in the ports vary. As an experienced sea freight forwarder, we know what is important to avoid detention and demurrage. Our employees travel extensively to the countries we serve so that we can know and assess the local conditions and the respective infrastructure.

Contact

Am Dobben 18

28203 Bremen

E-mail:

office@peter-harms.com

Phone:

+49 421 33772-0

BREMEN (head office)

Peter Harms Schiffahrts- und Speditionsgesellschaft mbH
Am Dobben 18
28203 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 33772-0
Fax: +49 421 33772-22
office@peter-harms.com

HAMBURG

Peter Harms Schiffahrts- und Speditionsgesellschaft mbH
Kuehnehöfe 20
22761 Hamburg
Phone: +49 40 6077635-0
Fax: +49 40 6077635-59
office@peter-harms.com